Mandarin

Mandarin

Mandarin Cantonese MCB OCB
yín
yín
zi4
ngje
yín
yín
zaam4
jim
[]ɨm
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngjɨn
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngin
yín
yín
ngin
ngjɨn
yín
yín
ngjɨn
yín
yín
ngin
yín
yín
zaam4
ngim
yín
yín
siu1
sjew
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yín
ngaan4
ngai4
ngin
ngjɨn
yín
yín
jam4
jau4
jim
juw
[]ɨm
[j]u
yín
yín
jam4
ngam4
ngim
ngimH
[]ɨm
[]ɨms
yín
yín
jan5
teng1
ting1
ting3
nginX
ngjɨnX
yín
yín
gimX
ngim
[]ɨm
[gwj]ɨmʔ
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
[ng]-
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
yín
yín
kei4
ngan4
gjwɨj
ngjɨn
ngon
[]ɨn
[gwj]ɨj
[j]ɨn
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
ngjɨn
ngon
[]ɨn
[j]ɨn
[rj]ɨn
yín
yín
jan4
jin
[j]ɨn
yín
yín
jam4
jim
yín
yín
jan4
jij
jin
[j]ij
[j]ɨn
yín
yín
jam4
ngim
yín
yín
ngjɨn
yín
yín
ngin
yín
yín
jam1
khim
[khw]ɨm
yín
yín
ji4
ji6
ngjɨj
泿
yín
yín
ngin
ngon
yín
yín
jam4
jim
[]ɨm
yín
yín
yín
yín
cam4
zim
yín
yín
ji4
ngan4
gjwien
ngij
yín
yín
han2
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
ngjɨn
[ngwj]ɨn
[ngwrj]ɨn
yín
yín
kam4
gim
[gwj]ɨm
yín
yín
ngim
yín
yín
jenX
jij
jin
yín
yín
taam4
dom
jim
yín
yín
jin4
ngjæn
[ngwj]an
yín
yín
ngin
yín
yín
ngim
yín
yín
jan1
xwin
[]i̯ǝn
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
[ngwrj]ɨn
yín
yín
ngan4
ngin
ngjɨn
yín
yín
gan1
kjɨn
nginX
[kwj]ɨn
[rj]ɨnʔ
yín
yín
ngan2
ngan4
ngin
[rj]ɨn
yín
yín
jam4
jim
yín
yín
gwaan1
kwɛn
kwɛnH
[kwr]ɨn
[kwr]ɨns
yín
yín
jewH
jim
yín
yín
ngan4
dzyejH
nginX
ngjɨn
yín
yín
han2
ngan4
khonX
khɛnX
ngjɨn
Mandarin EM Cantonese LMC EMC OCP
yín
yín
zi4
ŋi
ŋiă
yín
yín
zaam4
jim
jim
[ăxj]ə̀m
yín
yín
ngaan4
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
ngaan4
ŋin
ŋin
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋin
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋin
yín
yín
zaam4
ŋim
ŋim
yín
yín
siu1
siaw
siaw
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngai4
ŋin
ŋin
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
jam4
jau4
jim
jiw
jim
juw
[ăxj]ə̀m
[ăxwj]ə̀w
yín
yín
im´
jam4
ngam4
ŋim
ŋim`
ŋim
ŋimʰ
[ăx(r)]ə̀m
[ăx(r)]ə̀mʃ
yín
yín
jan5
teng1
ting1
ting3
ŋin´
ŋin´
ŋinˀ
ŋɨnˀ
yín
yín
kɦim´
ŋim
gimˀ
ŋim
[w(r)]ə̀mă
[ăx(r)]ə̀m
yín
yín
in´
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
[*]-
yín
yín
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
yín
yín
kei4
ngan4
kɦyj
ŋin
ŋǝn
guj
ŋǝn
ŋɨn
[w]ə̀l
[ăx]ə̀n
[ăx]ə́n
yín
yín
in´
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
ŋǝn
ŋin
ŋǝn
ŋɨn
[ăx]ə̀n
[ăx]ə́n
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
in´
jan4
jin
jin
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
im´
jam4
jim
jim
yín
yín
in´
jan4
ji
jin
ji
jin
[ăxj]ə̀j
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
im´
jam4
ŋim
ŋim
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋin
yín
yín
k‘im
jam1
k‘im
k‘im
[x(r)]ə̀m
yín
yín
ji4
ji6
ŋi
ŋɨj
泿
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋǝn
ŋin
ŋǝn
yín
yín
im´
jam4
jim
jim
[ăxj]ə̀m
yín
yín
yín
yín
sim´
cam4
sɦim
zim
yín
yín
ji4
ngan4
kɦyan
ŋi
gjwian
ŋi
yín
yín
xǝnˇ
han2
yín
yín
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
ŋin
ŋɨn
[ăx]ə̀n
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
k‘im´
kam4
kɦim
gim
[w(r)]ə̀m
yín
yín
ŋim
ŋim
yín
yín
ji
jian´
jin
ji
jianˀ
jin
yín
yín
im´
taam4
jim
tɦam
dǝm
jim
yín
yín
iăn´
jin4
ŋian
ŋɨan
[ăx]àn
yín
yín
ŋin
ŋin
yín
yín
ŋim
ŋim
yín
yín
jan1
xin
*xwin
[x]ə̀n
yín
yín
in´
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
in´
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
ŋin
ŋɨn
yín
yín
gan1
kin
ŋin´
kɨn
ŋinˀ
[x]ə̀n
[ăxj]ə̀nă
yín
yín
in´
ngan2
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin
[ăxj]ə̀n
yín
yín
jam4
jim
jim
yín
yín
kwan
gwaan1
kwaan
kwaan`
kwɛrn
kwɛrnʰ
[]ǝn
[]ǝn
yín
yín
jiaw`
jim
jiawʰ
jim
yín
yín
ngan4
ŋin
ŋin´
ʂɦiaj`
dʑiajʰ
ŋinˀ
ŋɨn
yín
yín
in´
k‘ǝnˇ
han2
ngan4
k‘jaan´
k‘ǝn´
ŋin
k‘ǝnˀ
k‘ɛrnˀ
ŋɨn
Mandarin Cantonese MCK OCK
yín
yín
zi4
ngiḙ1
yín
yín
zaam4
i̯ǝm1
zi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngi̯ĕn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ĕn1
yín
yín
zaam4
ngi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
siu1
si̯wäu1
yín
yín
ngaan4
ngai4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
jam4
jau4
i̯iḙu1
i̯ǝm1
zi̯ôg1
zi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
jam4
ngam4
ngi̯ǝm1
ngi̯ǝm3
ngi̯ǝm1
ngi̯ǝm3
yín
yín
jan5
teng1
ting1
ting3
ngi̯ĕn2
ngi̯ǝn2
yín
yín
g‘i̯ǝm2
ngi̯ǝm1
g‘i̯ǝm2
ngi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ng-1!!
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
yín
yín
kei4
ngan4
g‘wḙi1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngǝn1
g‘i̯wǝr1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngǝn1
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngǝn1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngi̯ɛn1
ngǝn1
yín
yín
jan4
i̯ĕn1
zi̯ɛn1
yín
yín
jam4
i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
jan4
i̯i1
i̯ĕn1
zi̯ĕd1
zi̯ɛn1
yín
yín
jam4
ngi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ĕn1
yín
yín
jam1
k‘i̯ǝm1
k‘i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ji4
ji6
ngḙi1
泿
yín
yín
ngi̯ĕn1
ngǝn1
yín
yín
jam4
i̯ǝm1
zi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
yín
yín
cam4
zi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ji4
ngan4
g‘i̯wän1
ngi1
yín
yín
han2
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngi̯ǝn1
ngi̯ɛn1
yín
yín
kam4
g‘i̯ǝm1
g‘i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ngi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
i̯i1
i̯än2
i̯ĕn1
yín
yín
taam4
d‘ậm1
i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
jin4
ngi̯ɒn1
ngi̯ăn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ĕn1
yín
yín
ngi̯ǝm1
yín
yín
jan1
χi̯wĕn1
χ-1
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ɛn1
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ǝn1
yín
yín
gan1
ki̯ǝn1
ngi̯ĕn2
ki̯ǝn1
ngi̯ɛn2
yín
yín
ngan2
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn1
ngi̯ɛn1
yín
yín
jam4
i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
gwaan1
kwăn1
kwăn3
kwɛn1
kwɛn3
yín
yín
i̯wäu3
i̯ǝm1
yín
yín
ngan4
ngi̯ĕn2
ngi̯ǝn1
źi̯äi3
yín
yín
han2
ngan4
k‘ăn2
k‘ǝn2
ngi̯ǝn1