Karlgren

Karlgren

Mandarin Cantonese MCB OCB
ya1
ya4
aa3
ngaa3
æH
[r]aks
e4
ya1
ya3
aa1
aa2
ak1
khæk
æH
æX
ɛk
[khr]ak
[r]ajʔ
[r]aks
[r]ek
ya3
aa2
æX
e4
wu1
wu4
ngok3
ok3
wu1
wu3
ak
u
uH
[]a
[]ak
[]as
ya4
aa3
æH
e4
ok3
ak
[]ak
Mandarin EM Cantonese LMC EMC OCP
ya1
ya4
jaă`
aa3
ngaa3
ʔjaaă`
ʔarʰ
[ʔr]ákʃ
e4
ya1
ya3
aa1
aa2
ak1
k‘jaajk
ʔjaajk
ʔjaaă`
ʔjaaă´
k‘ark
ʔarʰ
ʔarˀ
ʔɛrjk
[k‑kr]ák
[ʔr]ákʃ
[ʔr]álă
[ʔrj]ák
ya3
jaăˇ
aa2
ʔjaaă´
ʔarˀ
e4
wu1
wu4
aw`
u`
ǝă`
ngok3
ok3
wu1
wu3
ʔaăk
ʔuă
ʔuă`
ʔaăk
ʔɔ
ʔɔʰ
[ʔ]ák
[ʔ]áɣ
[ʔ]áɣʃ
ya4
jaă`
aa3
ʔjaaă`
ʔarʰ
e4
ǝă`
ok3
ʔaăk
ʔaăk
[ʔ]ák
Mandarin Cantonese MCK OCK
ya1
ya4
aa3
ngaa3
ˑa3
ˑăg3
e4
ya1
ya3
aa1
aa2
ak1
k‘ak
ˑa2
ˑa3
ˑɛk
k‘ak1
ˑ*1
ˑa2
ˑăg3
ya3
aa2
ˑa2
e4
wu1
wu4
ngok3
ok3
wu1
wu3
ˑuo1
ˑuo3
ˑâk
ˑo1
ˑo3
ˑâk1
ya4
aa3
ˑa3
e4
ok3
ˑâk
ˑâk1